Plant Propagation Guide

It’s the age old question that comes about as soon as any plant matures. “Let it keep growing? Or is it time to chop and prop?” The most nerve-wracking and exciting bit of planting all at once, propagation is not as intimidating as it may sound to new plant parents. Once you get the hang of it, you’ll be multiplying your garden in no time!

The most important thing to keep in mind when propagating, however, is that there is always room for failure! Not every cutting, division or tuber will make it when taken from the mother plant and set up on it’s own. This is okay! Even the most experienced of gardeners will lose a propped plant or two every once in a while. Go into your propagation experience knowing that some may simply not take. When cutting or dividing plants, make sure your mother plant is mature enough to handle a few pieces being taken from it, and take enough that should one or two fail, you’ll still have something to show for your propagation efforts!

Don’t be discouraged if something fails! We know it stings, but it happens to the best of us! All of that being said, here are some tips and tricks we like for some of our favorite houseplants! Remember to thoroughly clean all tools you use, to assure any cuttings or divisions are not cross contaminated, in the event any plant is sick!


Philos propagate best by cuttings. For our friends new to plant parenthood, cuttings are exactly what they sound like! Select a stem you’d like to use to start a new plant, and snip it off the mother plant. This is your new cutting! Make sure it has at least one node below the lowest leaf, so there is somewhere for new growth to begin. We prefer to propagate philodendrons in water, so if you’d like to follow the CB Flora method, once you take a cutting, place that bottom node in a small jar of clean water. Then all that’s left to do is wait! It’ll be several weeks before the roots are established enough to transfer your new plant to soil, but you’ll see root growth much sooner! Propagating cuttings in water is such a great way to get a close up view of your new plants beginning to grow. We also recommend propagating philodendrons in sphagnum moss, if you do not want to propagate in water. However, this means you have to pay closer attention to your cuttings! If your moss dries out, the node may be ruined, and the cutting will fail.


Hoyas are great for propagating too! Roots will develop all along the stem, so these lovely little babies are good for propping directly into soil! Just like a philodendron, you’ll want to select a healthy stem to cut from the mother plant, with at least one node for new growth to emerge from. Once you’ve got a cutting, plant the node in soil, in a pot that’s not too large, and keep that soil MOIST. Be sure to use clean, fresh soil to ensure the cutting stays healthy. Prefer watching the magic happen? You can also propagate hoya in water or sphagnum moss! Check out these Wilbur Graves stem cutting in sphagnum moss. See those tiny new leaves forming? When using water, simply place the cutting in clean water, making sure at least one node is submerged.